First 5




[1] Ludwig DS, Peterson KE, & Gortmaker SL (2001). Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and childhood obesity: a prospective, observational analysis. Lancet, 357, 505-08.

[2] Wang, YC, et al (2008). Increasing Caloric Contribution From Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and 100% Fruit Juices Among US Children and Adolescents, 1988-2004. Pediatrics, 121(6), e1604-e1614.

[3] Statement applies to 100% juice. See Dennison, BA, et al (1997). Excess Fruit Juice Consumption by Preschool-aged Children is Associated with Short Stature and Obesity. Pediatrics, 99(1), 15-22.

[4] Babey, SH, et al (2012). Overweight and Obesity among Children by California Cities – 2010. UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.

[5] Malik VS, et al (2010). Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Risk of Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care, 33, 2477-2483.

[6] Statement applies to Latino and African-American children born in the U.S. after the year 2000. See Narayan KMV, et al. (2003, October). Lifetime risk for diabetes mellitus in the United States. JAMA, 8;290(14):1884-1890.

[7] Sohn, W, Burt, BA, & Sowers, MR (2006). Carbonated soft drinks and dental caries in the primary dentition. Journal of Dental Research, 85(3), 262-266.

[8] Grenby, TH, Phillips, A, Desai, T, and Mistry, M (1989). Laboratory studies of the dental properties of soft drinks. British Journal of Nutrition, 62(2), 451-464.

[9] The Dental Health Foundation (2006). Mommy, It Hurts to Chew. The California Smile Survey: An Oral Health Assessment of California's Kindergarten and 3rd Grade Children.

English